Friday, December 26, 2014

THE SEXUAL TRANSMISSION OF LYME DISEASE



The general inability to be properly tested, diagnosed and treated for Lyme disease has been and still is a very serious situation within the United States and this problem is spreading rapidly across the world. We have been intentionally distracted by the media with diseases which really haven't been posing an actual  problem ......such as SARS, West Nile Virus, Bird Flu, Ebola, etc. Certainly the media creates fear surrounding these disease labels but how much of a reality are they? How many people do you personally know with these diseases compared to people you know of who have been affected by Lyme disease?

There will be more scare diseases foisted on society in the future while the real diseases that are spreading and causing serious disability and sometimes death, are being covered up and allowed to pass through the population. Those of you who are new to this subject would reasonably ask...well....why on earth would our government and/or world powers want a serious disease(s) to pass through the population? There are several possible answers to this question.

1. When you ignore the cause of disease and only treat the symptoms, you perpetuate the disease. While this is obviously harmful for the population, the healthcare industry makes billions of dollars on symptomatic treatments such as pain killers, antidepressants, digestive medicines, neurological medications, chemotherapy, and much more.

2. Patents on specific diseases, microbes, and vaccines can factor into the equation.

3. The current push for a globalized world with global government and a global religion calls for leveling of the playing field and making citizens more dependent on the government.

4. Some people think that perhaps they are trying to reduce the population and the idea that is being encouraged in the alternative media is that acute diseases, such as Ebola, are going to be let loose on the population to accomplish this goal. However......something is not quite right with this prediction. If a large number of the population is killed off suddenly then the drug companies and other factions of the health care industry would lose a huge segment of their income. What makes more sense and what is more profitable is to keep people chronically ill to provide a consistent profit and then perhaps after a while the disease may finally cause death and at the same time lower the number of people who want to claim their social security benefits.

 The above possible reasons for covering up the modes of transmission of Lyme disease, for making it difficult to be diagnosed with Lyme disease, for refusing long term treatment when needed, and for disciplining doctors for treating patients with chronic Lyme....are only possibilities....points that need to be considered and questions that need to be asked. Patients across the world are being refused sufficient treatment and patients who want to be tested are often refused. There are over 300 strains of the Lyme disease bacteria and only a couple of strains are being tested for. Spouses who don't remember tick bites become sick with Lyme disease. Children have been born testing positive for Lyme disease and this fact is being denied. There is also a concern  that breast feeding and blood donations may pass on the germ to others. These statements are not meant to create fear but to raise awareness and to try and stem a serious plague that is fast becoming a real global pandemic. Advocates, Lyme literate doctors, and unbiased researchers have been concerned about these transmission issues for years while Yale University, the Infectious Disease Society of America, the American Lyme Disease Foundation, and certain Government health agencies have been firmly stating that there is absolutely no evidence of any transmission of the germ (borrelia burgdorferi)...except through a tick bite..... despite their seeming lack of appropriate studies in this area.

  "Anything that is allowed to be openly and aggressively addressed in the news, should be suspected as propaganda being used to manipulate. Likewise, whatever isn't being made public in the mainstream media, is what really needs our attention and investigation." — Marjorie Tietjen

The article and study below suggest that Lyme disease may be sexually transmitted despite the insistence from Government agencies that Lyme disease can only be passed on to others through a tick bite.

Expanded Study Confirms that Lyme Disease May Be Sexually Transmitted

Expanded Study Confirms that Lyme Disease May Be Sexually Transmitted

International team of scientists led by Union Square Medical Associates finds evidence for sexual transmission.

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Semen culture from a Lyme disease patient showing live Lyme spirochetes (left) next to a sperm cell (right). Dieterle silver stain, 1000x magnification. © Marianne Middelveen, all rights reserved, use
We have taken Lyme disease out of the woods and into the bedroom
San Francisco, California (PRWEB) December 19, 2014 

An expanded study confirms that Lyme disease may be sexually transmitted. The study was published in the open access journal F1000Research (http://f1000research.com/articles/3-309/v1).
Lyme disease is a tickborne infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a type of corkscrew-shaped bacteria known as a spirochete (pronounced spiro’keet). The Lyme spirochete resembles the agent of syphilis, long recognized as the epitome of sexually transmitted diseases. In 2013 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that Lyme disease is much more common than previously thought, with over 300,000 new cases diagnosed each year in the United States. That makes Lyme disease almost twice as common as breast cancer and six times more common than HIV/AIDS.
“Our findings will change the way Lyme disease is viewed by doctors and patients,” said Marianne Middelveen, lead author of the published study. “It explains why the disease is more common than one would think if only ticks were involved in transmission.”
The current study, which confirms and expands a preliminary report published in The Journal of Investigative Medicine, was a collaborative effort by an international team of scientists. In addition to Middelveen, a veterinary microbiologist from Canada, researchers included molecular biologists Jennie Burke, Agustin Franco and Yean Wang and dermatologist Peter Mayne from Australia working with molecular biologists Eva Sapi, Cheryl Bandoski, Katherine Filush and Arun Timmaraju, nurse-midwife Hilary Schlinger and internist Raphael Stricker from the United States.
In the study, researchers tested semen samples and vaginal secretions from three groups of people: control subjects without evidence of Lyme disease, individual patients who tested positive for Lyme disease, and couples engaging in unprotected sex who tested positive for the disease.
As expected, all of the control subjects tested negative for Borrelia burgdorferi in cultures of semen samples or vaginal secretions. In contrast, twelve of thirteen patients with Lyme disease had positive cultures for Borrelia burgdorferi in their genital secretions. Furthermore, two of the couples with Lyme disease showed identical strains of the Lyme spirochete in their semen and vaginal secretions, while a third couple showed identical strains of a related Borrelia spirochete in their genital secretions.
“The presence of live spirochetes in genital secretions and identical strains in sexually active couples strongly suggests that sexual transmission of Lyme disease occurs,” said Dr. Mayne, who recently published the first comprehensive study of Lyme disease in Australia. “We need to do more research to determine the risk of sexual transmission of this syphilis-like organism.”
Dr. Stricker pointed to the implications for Lyme disease diagnosis and treatment raised by the study. “We have taken Lyme disease out of the woods and into the bedroom,” he said. “We need to start fighting this runaway epidemic just like HIV/AIDS.”
Reference: F1000Research 2014;3:309 (http://f1000research.com/articles/3-309/v1). Contact information: Jesus Walker Salas, Union Square Medical Associates (mailto:officemanager(at)usmamed(dot)com)
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Caption: Semen culture from a Lyme disease patient showing live Lyme spirochetes (left) next to a sperm cell (right). Dieterle silver stain, 1000x magnification. © Marianne Middelveen, all rights reserved, used with permission.
Contact: Jesus Walker Salas
415-399-1035
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Culture and identification of Borrelia spirochetes in human vaginal and seminal secretions [v1; ref status: awaiting peer review, http://f1000r.es/4rm]
Marianne J. Middelveen1, Jennie Burke2, Eva Sapi3, Cheryl Bandoski3, Katherine R. Filush3, Yean Wang2, Agustin Franco2, Arun Timmaraju3, Hilary A. Schlinger1, Peter J. Mayne1, Raphael B. Stricker1

http://f1000research.com/articles/3-309/v1

Abstract

Background: Recent reports indicate that more than 300,000 cases of Lyme disease are diagnosed yearly in the USA. Preliminary clinical, epidemiological and immunological studies suggest that infection with the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) could be transferred from person to person via intimate human contact without a tick vector. Detecting viable Borrelia spirochetes in vaginal and seminal secretions would provide evidence to support this hypothesis.
Methods: Patients with and without a history of Lyme disease were selected for the study after informed consent was obtained. Serological testing for Bb was performed on all subjects. Semen or vaginal secretions were inoculated into BSK-H medium and cultured for four weeks. Examination of genital cultures and culture concentrates for the presence of spirochetes was performed using light and darkfield microscopy, and spirochete concentrates were subjected to Dieterle silver staining, anti-Bb immunohistochemical staining, molecular hybridization and PCR analysis for further characterization. Immunohistochemical and molecular testing was performed in three independent laboratories. Positive and negative controls were included in all experiments.
Results: Control subjects who were asymptomatic and seronegative for Bb had no detectable spirochetes in genital secretions by PCR analysis. In contrast, spirochetes were observed in cultures of genital secretions from 11 of 13 subjects diagnosed with Lyme disease, and motile spirochetes were detected in genital culture concentrates from 12 of 13 Lyme disease patients using light and darkfield microscopy. Morphological features of spirochetes were confirmed by Dieterle silver staining and immunohistochemical staining of culture concentrates. Molecular hybridization and PCR testing confirmed that the spirochetes isolated from semen and vaginal secretions were strains of Borrelia, and all cultures were negative for treponemal spirochetes. PCR sequencing of cultured spirochetes from three couples having unprotected sex indicated that two couples had identical strains of Bb sensu stricto in their semen and vaginal secretions, while the third couple had identical strains of B. hermsii detected in their genital secretions.
Conclusions: The culture of viable Borrelia spirochetes in genital secretions suggests that Lyme disease could be transmitted by intimate contact from person to person.

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