Thursday, July 17, 2014

The Connection Between Alzheimer's, Lyme Disease, Cataracts, and Dental Health

                                      AMYLOID PLAQUES IN ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

First of all, let's establish the connection between Alzheimer's, cataracts, poor dental health (which includes gingivitis,dental cleaning, gum surgery, and root canals), amyloid plaques, oral spirochetes and Lyme spirochetes which may all connect in causing inflammation in the eye and in the brain. It is observed that inflammation from infection causes cataracts and disease of the brain, which includes the amyloid plaques of Alzheimer's disease. This will be a fairly long article with videos, in order to establish these extremely important connections.
Alzheimer's disease, other neuro-degenerative disease, and autoimmune diseases are spreading out of control. In order to stem this tide of sickness and disability, we need to find and treat the ROOT causes instead of only identifying and treating the symptoms. Main stream medicine tells us that they are treating the cause when they prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, etc....which temporarily reduce the inflammation ......But government researchers and the pharmaceutical companies are either innocently or intentionally ignoring the CAUSES of inflammation. Infection with bacteria, fungus, and viruses are obvious causes of inflammation in the brain, the heart, the eye and other parts of the body. By only treating the symptoms of inflammation, instead of treating the cause of inflammation, the medical system creates a market for anti-inflammatory drugs and other drugs which ONLY treat the symptoms. This  practice allows infections to go undiagnosed and untreated and makes the drug companies rich.

While much attention is given to marginal or made up diseases, such as SARS, Swine Flu, West Nile Virus....etc.....it appears that the CDC,  drug companies and other government agencies are intentionally drawing attention away from the serious long term infections which cause Alzheimer's, possibly autoimmune disease, and other neuro-degenerative diseases such as Lupus, M.S, ALS, Fibromyagia, CFS, cataracts...and the list goes on and on. Is anyone noticing that just about everyone in modern society is now sick with one condition or another....conditions which supposedly have no definitive tests, causes, or cures?


The work of Judith Miklossy and Alan McDonald needs to be widely distributed and studied. Judith Miklossy, a Swiss researcher, and Dr. Alan McDonald, an MD and Pathologist, have found  lyme spirochetes and oral spirochetes in the brains of Alzheimer's patients upon autopsy. Here are a  couple links to Miklossy's studies. http://www.lymesentinel.blogspot.com/search/label/ALZHEIMER%27S%20AND%20INFECTION   and  http://lymesentinel.blogspot.com/2011/08/alzheimers-disease-neurospirochetosis.html


The work of Alan MacDonald, which coincides with Miklossy's research can be found in the videos at the bottom of this article. The video is in several parts and fairly long but contains vital information.



The following message was written to a group of doctors and researchers who specialize in Lyme disease and the many other infections that ticks can spread. The message is conveying that cataracts can be caused by inflammation and that the microbes that cause this inflammation can also cause dementia. It is thought that cataracts are a good indication that Alzheimer's may develop down the road.



To all;
  Everyone should know the work of Judith Miklossy.  Pubmed it.  Always reference number three.
  The photomicrographs of Alz's brain and those infected by neurospirochetosis are EXACTLY THE SAME. 
  The inflammation from intracellular infection causes the amyloid to accumulate.  This is seen in the eye as a senile cataract.  It was also reported on CBS news last night, as amyloid deposition on the retina, seen 20 years prior to the development of dementia.
  All providers can make eye information, available from the patient's opthalomogist, as a method of tracking long term inflammation treatment, and effects on cataract size changes, as well as the retinal nerve fibrogram.
  Dr. Clem Trempe....... http://www.zoominfo.com/p/Clement-Trempe/488187  has found that such treatment of intracellular infection will result in cataract improvement and improvement in cognitive decline.  My review of the records finds improvements in visual acuity about 80 percent of the time.  He also finds 85% positive antibody tests to intracellular infections, with 45% more than a single infection.  (This sounds familiar for those acquainted with the co-infection rate in Lyme.)
  I use information from ILADS to help reverse the cataract decline, as well as the cognitive decline, as Lyme disease is the quintessential, and as far as I can tell, best understood intracellular infection.
  So there is hope.
  We can on our own, individually begin to treat and reverse Alzheimer's. 
  Do not wait for the federal government.
  Do not trust in single interventions.  We know from Lyme that it is best treated with a combined approach.
  Do not stop.  Proceed.  For anyone that wants help in establishing such a clinic, and there are patients who will pay, feel free to reply.
  Sincerely,
  P. James Seberger, M.D., Ph.D.  pjseberger@gmail.com

Another important factor in the development of dementia may be dental infections and dental work, such as root canals, gingivitis,dental cleaning, and gum surgery , which can create openings in the oral cavity to allow bacteria in the mouth a direct route to the brain, heart, and nervous system. The main point of this article is that bacteria causes inflammation and inflammation causes amyloid plaques which are found in Alzheimer's disease. Also that lyme spirochetes and oral spirochetes (microbes found in the mouth) are two of the probable causes of dementia.

The following are videos concerning the topics above.
 





The next video is Dr. Nordquist demonstrating the effectiveness of colloidal silver, bleach and then honey with natural herbals on the bacteria in the spaces around the gums. Because it is believed that dementia, heart disease, and other health problems are caused by bacteria in the mouth gaining access to the brain and other parts of the body through dental cleanings or different types of surgeries and root canals, Dr. Nordquist is looking at different methods of cleansing the mouth of bacteria before conducting dental work.


The following book is written by Dr. Nordquist which explains his theories of lyme spirochetes in the mouth and regular oral spirochetes (which have both been found in the brains of Alzheimer's patients) perhaps causing Alzheimer's disease. Think of the huge pandemic of Lyme disease and the many other infections that ticks are now passing to humans....and also think of the number of people who have invasive dental procedures, AND the growing number of people with Alzheimer's. These  issues seem to coincide. I believe this is a very important book. My personal lyme story includes gum surgery and a slowly developing and debilitating illness....which after 8 years of suffering was found to be Lyme disease. I don't remember a specific tick bite at the time I became ill but did have many tick bites previous to my gum surgery. When the Lyme disease was treated with long term combination antibiotic therapy....many of my symptoms disappeared, including extreme cognitive issues of concentration, poor memory, and a lack of organizational abilities. I have brain SPECT scans which show the progression and improvement of the Lyme disease in correlation with antibiotic treatment and discontinuation of treatment. The radiologist wrote that the lack of blood flow to certain parts of my brain were consistent with an Alzheimer's brain. So...treating the infection vastly improved my cognitive problems...if seen in elderly people would be labeled as dementia or Alzheimer's disease.

Monday, February 3, 2014

STUDY FURTHER SUGGESTS LYME DISEASE MAY BE SEXUALLY TRANSMISSIBLE

Lyme disease is the fastest growing infectious disease in the modern world. It is becoming very obvious that we need to understand more about it. How is it spread? Can the Lyme disease pathogen be spread from person to person? The CDC doesn't think so but clinical evidence and new studies indicate otherwise.
The statement below in red came from the CDC website.  There are many couples who have both become ill with Lyme disease and due to their exposure circumstances, claim that the disease was  sexually transmitted from one partner to the other. Some Lyme literate doctors treat both sexually active partners when one has a known case of Lyme disease. 

Syphilis is a spirochete as is Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease. They both behave in similar ways. The Syphilis pathogen is sexually transmissible so it follows that it is a possibility that Borrelia burgdorferi may also be sexually transmitted....especially due to the fact that this pathogen has been found in vaginal secretions and in semen....as the new study below indicates. If this disease is sexually transmitted it does not necessarily mean that the the partner whom the germ was transmitted to will become sick. It all seems to depend on the individual's immune system.

Not enough studies are being done to investigate transmission issues and government agencies seem to be excessively slack with the research in the areas of transmission of Lyme disease through sexual intercourse and from mother to fetus. For more information on transmission of Lyme disease from mother to baby, please go to the bottom of this post.

It seems irresponsible to me for the CDC to claim irrefutably there is no evidence that Lyme disease can be transmitted from person to person. Remember though that the transmission of the pathogen does not necessarily mean that the receiver of the germ will become ill. People can harbor a germ and remain well as long as their body's immune defense is up to par.

 CDC Statement

A passion for organics picture frame"Are there other ways to get Lyme disease?


  • There is no evidence that Lyme disease is transmitted from person-to-person. For example, a person cannot get infected from touching, kissing or having sex with a person who has Lyme disease."
  •  http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/Transmission/


The following is a study which shows that it is possible for Lyme disease to be transmitted sexually
"SAVE THE DATE!  7th Annual Medical-Scientific Conference on Morgellons 
March 29th and 30th, 2014  Austin, TX

CONTROL ID: 1848565
CONTACT (NAME ONLY): Raphael Stricker
PRESENTATION TYPE: Oral Only
CURRENT CATEGORY: Infectious Diseases
Abstract
TITLE: ISOLATION AND DETECTION OF BORRELIA BURGDORFERI FROM HUMAN VAGINAL AND SEMINAL SECRETIONS

AUTHORS (FIRST NAME, LAST NAME): Marianne J. Middelveen1, Cheryl Bandoski2, Jennie Burke3, Eva Sapi2, Peter J. Mayne4, Raphael B. Stricker5
INSTITUTIONS (ALL): 1. Atkins Veterinary Services, Calgary, AB, Canada. 
2. University of New Haven, West Haven, CT, United States. 
3. Australian Biologics, Sydney, NSW, Australia. 
4. Laurieton Medical Centre, Laurieton, NSW, Australia. 
5. CPMC, San Francisco, CA, United States. 
ABSTRACT BODY: 
Purpose of Study: Recent reports indicate that more than 300,000 cases of Lyme disease are diagnosed yearly in the USA. Previous epidemiological and immunological studies suggest that infection with the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi could be transferred from person to person via intimate human contact without a tick vector (Harvey and Salvato, Med Hypotheses 2003;60:742; Stricker et al, J Investig Med 2004;52:S151). Detecting viable spirochetes in vaginal and seminal secretions would provide additional evidence to support this hypothesis.

Methods Used: Three North American patients with a history of Lyme disease, one male and two female, were selected for the study after informed consent was obtained. Serological testing for B. burgdorferi was performed on all three subjects. Blood and semen or vaginal secretions were used to inoculate BSK-H medium for Borrelia culture. Motile spirochetes were detected in cultures by light and/or darkfield microscopy, and cultured spirochete concentrates were subjected to Dieterle silver staining, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and anti-B. burgdorferi immunohistochemical staining for further characterization. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing was performed by two independent laboratories for specific identification of the cultured isolates. Positive and negative controls for immunohistochemical staining and PCR were performed in all experiments.

Summary of Results: Serum antibodies to B. burgdorferi were detected in all three patients. Motile spirochetes were observed in culture fluid inoculated with blood and genital secretions from the three subjects. Morphological features of spirochetes were confirmed by Dieterle staining, SEM and immunohistochemical staining of culture concentrates. PCR testing confirmed that the spirochetes isolated from blood and genital secretions were strains of B. burgdorferi, and PCR subtyping indicated that the strains were B. burgdorferi sensu stricto.

Conclusions: The culture of viable B. burgdorferi in genital secretions suggests that Lyme disease could be transmitted by intimate contact from person to person."

Journal of Investigative Medicine

For a bit further explanation of this study see  http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/01/prweb11506441.htm

The Infectious Disease Society of America claims that there is no proof that Lyme disease can be transmitted from mother to fetus. Here is an important article that completely refutes this unscientific statement. http://lymesentinel.blogspot.com/2009/07/hearing-tesimonylyme-disease.html


Mountain Rose Herbs. A herbs, health and harmony c

Thursday, December 26, 2013

YES.....LYME DISEASE IS PRESENT IN AUSTRALIA TOO



The seriousness and widespread nature of the Lyme Disease and Co-infection pandemic is being denied in every country where it is present. General opinion claims that this odd state of affairs is due to the medical profession's inability or slowness to accept new ideas and the presence of new disease. I don't buy this excuse. What about SARS, Swine Flu, West Nile Virus, etc etc. The medical community seems to have no problems accepting the scare propaganda associated with these diseases which are claimed to be affecting many. I don't know of anyone with these diseases...but I personally do know of hundreds who are very very ill with Lyme disease, Babesia, bartonella, mycoplasma fermentens, erlichia...etc. All of these pathogens can be passed through one tick bite. This fact is known by medical officials in the CDC, NIH...and the Infectious Disease Society of America...however most doctors are not instructed to look for these microbes in patients. Most patients are just given a diagnosis or meaningless label of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Multiple Sclerosis, Fibromyalgia...etc......with no effort to try and identify the causes of these disease labels which are basically just identifying the symptoms which results in only treating the symptoms instead of the cause(s).

What is now happening in Australia has also been taking place in the United States and other countries. Doctors who are trying to treat patients appropriately, by discovering and treating the CAUSE....are being systematically investigated and restricted when it comes to treating Lyme disease and the coinfections which are also passed on by ticks and other blood sucking insects. Many doctors have already lost their licenses to practice medicine. 

One Bill was passed in Connecticut which had the similar outcome as the orders or restrictions below which are being imposed on a legitimate doctor in Australia who specializes in treating Lyme, Chronic fatigue Syndrome and other mysterious chronic illnesses. The Connecticut Bill stated that if a patient was still sick after receiving the standard length of antibiotic treatment prescribed by their general practitioner...then in order to get further treatment the patient's GP could no longer order further treatment but the patient would have to see either a neurologist or an infectious disease specialist for their opinion as to whether or not they needed more treatment. This may sound like an OK idea on the surface but what we found in Connecticut was that the opinions of most neurologists and infectious disease specialists were seemingly controlled and functionally worthless to chronically ill patients. Rarely would one of these specialists prescribe further antibiotic treatment even if the treatment had been slowly helping the patient...but just wasn't quite enough yet.

Apparently these specialists are either NOT taught the extensive symptom complex of tick-borne infections OR they are somehow coerced into not diagnosing Lyme disease. Part of the problem is the inaccuracy of testing for Lyme and co-infections. There are over 300 strains of Borrelia that can cause Lyme disease but only several are tested for. This organism also changes form which affects diagnosis.The Lyme organism also forms biofilms which can hide the bacteria from antibiotics and testing.

To try and sum up this situation...(as I could go on forever speaking of the many many inconsistencies surrounding the Lyme disease conspiracy)the system has been set up to block the proper diagnosis and treatment of Lyme disease and coinfections...to MISS or to leave untreated much of the chronically ill population. Chronically ill people who do not die are a constant source of profit for the medical industry and chronically ill people are also much easier to control when dependent on the the medical industry and sometimes the State. 
Yes there are natural ways to HELP treat chronic Lyme disease but what most alternative doctors, patients and Lyme specialists have discovered is that due to the extremely persistent nature of the Lyme disease bacteria, antibiotics are also needed...sometimes long term.

Read the message below that was posted to a private doctors' email list ...and see for yourself the restrictions and loss of patient privacy that are being imposed on the population of our ever increasing globalized and controlled planet. The video at the top show Dr. Ladhams speaking about Lyme disease before he had the restrictions below placed upon him and his patients. Let's stand up for our inherent right to decide for ourselves what treatment we need! High prices of medical care and the seeming necessity of insurance coverage  seems to be the main force behind our enslavement or dependency to the medical system. What are we going to do about it....let's put our thinking caps on! Healthy diet and lifestyle can prevent much of the chronic illness we are experiencing, however, we also need investigation into the many ties of the medical industry and into the genetic engineering of microbes and the insect vectors that host these microbes.
 Read the Restrictions below...It's just unbelievable
 


Well now its happening here in Australia. Dr Ladhams from Qld has just been notified of restrictions on his right to practice medicine by our national authority APHRA the registration body. Specifically it states:

On 20 December 2013, the Medical Board of Australia (the Board) imposed the following conditions on the registration of Dr Andrew Ladhams (the practitioner)):
1. The practitioner must not treat Lyme disease in any patient without first obtaining an opinion from an infectious disease specialist who is a Fellow of the Royal Australian College of Physicians (FRACP) which:
a. states the patient suffers with Lyme disease , and
b. prescribes the treatment regimen to be followed by the practitioner.
2. The practitioner must not request the insertion of nor insert a peripherally inserted central catheter or any other form of central venous catheter into any patient.
3. The practitioner must not provide treatment to any patient which may cause a Jarisch- Herxheimer response to such treatment outside of a licensed hospital at which the practitioner holds credentials to perform such treatment.
4. Within 7 (seven) days of these conditions being imposed, the practitioner must notify all partners/employers/employees/colleagues in his practice and every person who is, or may be, responsible for booking consultations with the practitioner, of these conditions.
5. An AHPRA representative for the Board will contact and exchange information with the practitioner’s employer/ partners/colleagues in his practice and every person who is, or may be, responsible for booking consultations with the practitioner, at such time or times as the Board or its representative shall determine for the purpose of monitoring the practitioner’s compliance with these conditions.
6. The Medicare Program, Department of Human Services, Australia and Private Health Insurance Funds are required to provide information to the Board or its representatives about the practitioner’s practice of his profession.
7. The practitioner must allow an AHPRA representative for the Board to access, inspect and copy his patient records, including but not limited to appointment diaries and prescribing records at his practice locations for the purpose of monitoring his compliance with the conditions.

Of course there is no lyme in Australia.
 Of course it cant come in from overseas.
 Of course every infectious disease doc in the country is on a par with IDSA perspectives. No one gets a diagnosis of lyme.

There is a lot of fuss about a patient having focal tonic clonic reactions as part of herx during IVI treatment. I am standing up and saying I see this too. Am I next? Maybe?

So half behind the scenes ACIDS has formed in Australia in the past 5 months and now has 55 members. That stands for Australian Chronic Infectious Disease Society. Several are also members of ILADS. We accept the rejects of ID docs.

Today the society issues the following statement:

We in ACIDS believe infectious disease doctors in this country have not been proactive enough in diagnosing chronic lyme, bartonella and babesia infections in patients in Australia and in particular have been totally blind to the possibility of endemic infections to the point of denial. 
We point out that Murtaghs General Practice handbook has acknowledged the existence of lyme disease on this continent for years.

 We announce that we are taking over this area of medicine and are available to ID doctors who need our advice in these areas. We cordially invite such doctors to join with us.

This won't make certain elements of the profession here very happy but we are going to stand tall on this issue. 

--
from
Dr Peter Mayne

Laurieton Medical Centre
Laurieton NSW
Australia
+61 2 6559 9277

Tuesday, December 17, 2013

HOW SAFE IS ANY LYME DISEASE VACCINE?

 

Many people today are concerned about the safety of vaccines in general. What are the long term side effects? No long term studies have been conducted....that the public has been made aware of. Are we the long term covert studies? What  long term effects does the artificial hyper-activation of the immune system cause? Vaccines do include ingredients to hyper-activate the immune system. It's not a far stretch to suppose or conclude that this unnatural method of immune activation could cause autoimmune disease which is a hyper-activation of the immune system. Could this be one of the reasons or THE reason why autoimmune disease has exponentially risen in the population in conjunction with increased numbers of required vaccines?

I'm bringing up the subject of vaccines because many people were harmed by the Lymerix vaccine for Lyme disease....that was marketed a few years back. It was known to Smithkline Beecham that 30% of the population had a specific genetic susceptibility and could react to the Lymerix vaccine with a lyme arthritis that would be untreatable...but this information was not shared openly with the public! I personally spoke to several people who had received the vaccine and now they have what is called"fibromyalgia" 

I also attended a Lyme Disease conference put on by the Lyme disease Foundation a few years back...after the Lymerix vaccine had been on the market and had harmed many people. There was a Smithkline Beecham representative attending who gave a presentation. The audience of doctors, patients and activists expected that this rep would share some safety data and side effects of the vaccine. However, his whole presentation was about Lyme rashes and no mention was made of the vaccine. At the end of the presentation a doctor stood up and expressed this concern. He asked what some of the side effects of the vaccine were. The representative had the gaul to stand there and say that there had been no significant side effects  reported. The whole audience groaned and several doctors got up and walked out.
Lyme disease has been in the news lately spurred by a press release put out by the CDC. Normally the lyme community has found the CDC to downplay the seriousness of Lyme....to the detriment of many lyme patients. It's interesting that all of a sudden ...according to the CDC... Lyme is a very serious disease and a new Lyme disease vaccine is in the wings. What are the real financial connections between the CDC and Lyme vaccines?

It's also interesting that when people acquire Lyme disease from a tick and recover, that this infection evidently does not prevent the body from coming down with Lyme again from another tickbite. In other words the infection does not seem to create immunity like with most other diseases. I am not a scientist so maybe someone reading this could post a comment as to how then a lyme vaccine could provide immunity. The following recent article expresses many of my concerns

http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099%2813%2970319-0/fulltext

Lyme disease vaccination: safety first
In the Article by Nina Wressnigg and colleagues1 and the related Comment by Paul Lantos2 describing a novel Lyme vaccine, the authors attempt to avoid discussion of the side-effects of the previous Lyme vaccine, LYMErix (SmithKline Beecham, Pittsburgh, USA). This approach to safety issues bodes ill for the new Lyme vaccine candidate.
LYMErix was put on the market in 1998 and withdrawn by the manufacturer in 2002, ostensibly because of poor sales. However, the so-called poor sales were related to safety concerns raised in a class-action lawsuit by more than 400 patients who claimed that they developed Lyme-like symptoms after vaccination with LYMErix.3, 4 Subsequent studies showed that outer surface protein A (OspA), the antigenic component of Borrelia burgdorferi used to create both LYMErix and the new candidate vaccine, induced joint-reactive and nerve-reactive antibodies in animals and human beings vaccinated with the protein antigen.3—6 Even more disturbing, other studies indicated that LYMErix induced reactivity against multiple target antigens that were never characterised, and these studies called into question the OspA specificity of the vaccine.7, 8 By withdrawing LYMErix when it did, the manufacturer avoided releasing phase 4 post-marketing data that probably would have shown increased side-effects related to the vaccine.9 The data have never been disclosed, and this lack of disclosure has fostered persistent patient mistrust of Lyme vaccine manufacturers.
Wressnigg and colleagues provide minimum safety data about the new OspA-based Lyme vaccine, whereas Lantos glosses over the “largely unsubstantiated safety concerns” about LYMErix. Adoption of this view by Lyme vaccine manufacturers, regulators, and promoters has shaken patient confidence in Lyme vaccines despite the fact that this patient population is generally pro-vaccination.10 Any new Lyme vaccine will need extensive safety testing, more transparency about side-effects, and improved patient communication on the part of the vaccine manufacturer to allay valid patient concerns about safety.4, 10 Let's hope that history does not repeat itself because Lyme vaccine manufacturers, regulators, and promoters once again underestimate or ignore justified patient concerns about Lyme vaccination risks.
RBS serves without compensation on the medical advisory panel of QMedRx Inc. He has no financial ties to the company. LJ declares that she has no conflicts of interest.

References

1 Wressnigg N, Pöllabauer E-M, Aichinger G, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of a novel multivalent OspA vaccine against Lyme borreliosis in healthy adults: a double-blind, randomised, dose-escalation phase 1/2 trial. Lancet Infect Dis 2013; 13: 680-689. Summary | Full Text | PDF(256KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
2 Lantos PM. Lyme disease vaccination: are we ready to try again?. Lancet Infect Dis 2013; 13: 643-644. Full Text | PDF(94KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
3 Stricker RB. Lymerix risks revisited. Microbe 2008; 3: 1-2. PubMed
5 Souayah N, Ajroud-Driss S, Sander HW, Brannagan TH, Hays AP, Chin RL. Small fiber neuropathy following vaccination for rabies, varicella or Lyme disease. Vaccine 2009; 27: 7322-7325. CrossRef | PubMed
6 Marks DH. Neurological complications of vaccination with outer surface protein A (OspA). Int J Risk Saf Med 2011; 23: 89-96. PubMed
7 Molloy PJ, Berardi VP, Persing DH, Sigal LH. Detection of multiple reactive protein species by immunoblotting after recombinant outer surface protein A Lyme disease vaccination. Clin Infect Dis 2000; 31: 42-47. CrossRef | PubMed
8 Fawcett PT, Rose CD, Budd SM, Gibney KM. Effect of immunization with recombinant OspA on serologic tests for Lyme borreliosis. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 2001; 8: 79-84. PubMed
9 Nardelli DT, Munson EL, Callister SM, Schell RF. Human Lyme disease vaccines: past and future concerns. Future Microbiol 2009; 4: 457-469. CrossRef | PubMed
10 Smith P. Remarks to Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee, Bethesda, MD. http://www.lymediseaseassociation.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=262: vaccine-remarks&catid=80: controversy&Itemid=76. (accessed Nov 29, 2013).
a International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society, PO Box 341461, Bethesda, MD 20827-1461, USA